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专四指导:常见名词和介词搭配短语

2012-3-18 11:15| 发布者: admin| 查看: 1507| 评论: 0

摘要: 1.absence from 缺席,不在 如: His long absence from work delayed his promotion.他长期不上班,耽误了提升。 2. absence of 缺乏 如: In the absence of my commanding officer, I acted on my own initiati ...

1.absence from 缺席,不在 如:

His long absence from work delayed his promotion.
他长期不上班,耽误了提升。

2. absence of 缺乏 如:

In the absence of my commanding officer, I acted on my own initiative.
指挥官不在场,我主动见机行事。
In the absence of their teacher the class was in a state of anarchy.
教师不在,班上一片混乱。

3. access to ……的入口,通路 如:

The only access to the farmhouse is across the fields.
要到那农舍去唯有穿过田地。
She was forbidden access to the club.
人家不允许她到那个俱乐部去。

4. acquaintance with 相识,了解 如:

I have only a nodding acquaintance with Japanese.
我对日语仅略知一二。
The guide has some acquaintance with Italian.
导游懂得一点意大利语。

5. action on sth 对……的作用 如:
evidences of glacial action on the rocks
岩石上的冰河留下的痕迹

6. addition to sth 增加 如:

She is a beautiful addition to the family.
她是我们家漂亮的新成员。
Can we finance the addition to our home?
我们可以为你提供经费。

7. admission to /into 进入;入(场,学,会等) 如:

How does one gain admission to the Buckingham Palace?
怎样才能获准进入白金汉宫?
Admission to British universities depends on examination results.
英国大学入学以考试成绩为凭。

8. admission of sth 承认  如:

His admission of guilt surprised everyone.
他供认犯罪使大家感到意外。
The write of the letter is ipso facto an admission of guilt.
写此信的本身就是一种认罪。

9. advance in 改进,进步,如:

an advance in genetic engineering
遗传工程学方面的进展
to advance in years
年纪增长

10. advantage over 优于……的有利条件  如:

Now we have won an advantage over the enemy.
我们现在经赢得了对敌人的优势。 

11. affection for/towards 爱,喜欢  如:

Yearby year their affection for each other grew stronger. 
他们之间的爱逐年加深。
He felt great affection for his sister. 
他很疼他的妹妹。

12. answer to ……的答案  如: 

The answer to his problem was staring him in the face.
他那个问题的答案是明摆著的。
Do you know the answer to this question?
你知道这道题的答案吗?

13. anxiety for sth 渴望  如: 

His anxiety for knowledge is to be praised.
他对知识的渴望应该受到称赞。

14. apology to sb for sth 道歉  如: 

He made an apology to me for hurting my feelings.
他因伤害了我的感情而向我道歉。
At last we convicted him of his errors and made him offer an apology to her.
我们终于使他认识到自己的过失而且还让他向她道了歉。

15. appeal to sb 恳求,呼吁,吸引  如: 

The company is prepared to trade off its up-market image against a stronger appeal to teenage buyers.
该公司拟改变只售高档商品的形像,以吸引青少年顾客。
His lawyer decided to take an appeal to a higher court.
他的律师决定向高一级法院上诉。

16. appeal for 魅力,吸引力  如: 

Does jazz hold any appeal for you?
你对爵士乐有兴趣吗? 

17. appetite for 对……的欲望  如: 

Reading travel brochures whets one’s appetite for a holiday.
看了旅游手册就巴不得去度假。
Why don’t you go for a walk? It’ll give you an appetite for your lunch.
你怎麽不出去散散步? 散散步午饭时就有食欲了。

18. application of 把……应用于……   如:

application of microwave energy
微波能应用 
application of computers in chemistry 
计算机在化学中的应用

19. approach to 类似,办法,通道  如:

Her approach to the job lacks purpose.
她干这项工作缺乏毅力。
She is extremely professional in her approach to her job.
她对工作极为精通。

20. argument against 赞成/反对……的理由  如:

There are strong arguments against these measures.
有一些有力的论据反对这些措施。 

21. arrangement for 对……的安排  如:

We hatched all the arrangement for the dance.
我们为舞会做了一些安排。
We are busy in making arrangement for Christmas.
我们正忙着做圣诞节的准备。

22. attack on 对……的进攻,评击  如: 

Ann then sailed in with a furious attack on the chairman.
安随後严词抨击董事长。
She made a vehement attack on the government’s policies.
她强烈谴责政府的政策。

23. attempt at 尝试 企图   如: 

A halfhearted attempt at writing a novel.
并不热心的试图写一部小说。
My first attempt at a chocolate cake tasted horrible.
我首次试做的巧克力蛋糕难吃极了。

24. attention to 对……的注意  如:  

A teacher can’t give individual attention to each pupil if his class is large.
如果班上的人数多,老师就不能给予个别辅导了。
I hope you will pay attention to this problem.
希望你对此给予关注。

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