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雅思写作社会类重点词汇总结

2012-3-17 17:03| 发布者: admin| 查看: 783| 评论: 0

摘要:  1. urbanization城市化  2. centralization集中化  3. imbalance不平衡  4. in the long run从长远角度而言  5. infrastructure基础设施  6. booming繁荣发展的  7. tertiary industry第三产业  8. ...
     1. urbanization城市化
  2. centralization集中化
  3. imbalance不平衡
  4. in the long run从长远角度而言
  5. infrastructure基础设施
  6. booming繁荣发展的
  7. tertiary industry第三产业
  8. tranquility宁静
  9. revenue税收
  10. commercialization商业化
  11. traffic congestion交通拥挤
  12. water scarcity水短缺
  13. the environmentalpollution环境污染
  14. over-industrialization过度工业化
  15. over-crowdedness过度拥挤
  16. unemployment失业
  17. wealth distribution财富分配
  18. social instability社会动荡
  19. urban construction城市建设
  20. population explosion人口激增
  21. a rising crime rate犯罪率上升
  22. drain of energy and resources能源和资源消耗
  23. offer more job opportunities提供更多的就业机会
  24. a rapid pace of life快节奏生活
  25. stress-related illnesses与压力有关的疾病
  26. high cost of living高额生活费用
  27. pastoral life田园生活
  28. class polarization阶级两极分化
  29. social welfare社会福利
  30. give special care to …给予…特殊关照
  31. urban sprawl城市扩张
  32. convenient transportation means便捷的交通工具
  33. better medical services更好的医疗服务
  34. pressure of modern life in city城市生活压力
  35. be vulnerable to …易于患上…
  36. melting pot熔炉
  37. on the brink of …处于…边缘
  38. pollutant污染性物质
  39. waste disposal废物处理
  40. put the blame on …归咎于…
  41. be attributable to …归因为…
  42. ways of consumption消费方式
  43. suffer heavy losses遭受重大损失
  44. citizen居民
  45. be confronted with…面临着…
  46. breed crimes滋生犯罪
  47. vicious cycle恶性循环
  48. a feasible measure一种可行的措施
  49. give priority to …优先考虑…
  50. city planners城市规划者
     51. endanger social stabilityand safety危害社会稳定和安全
  52. save resource节省资源
  53. flourishing繁荣昌盛的
  54. speed up加速
  55. relieve the pressure of…缓解…的压力
  56. advocate the management of resources倡导资源管理
  57. benefit from从中受益
  58. put forward valuable suggestions提出宝贵建议
  59. play a major role in easing traffic 在缓解交通压力上扮演了重要角色
  60. participate in the reconstructionof the city参与城市重建
  61. raise the environmental management level提高环境管理水平
  62. create a pleasant ecological environment创造出一种和谐的生态环境
  63. give priority to优先关注
  64. catch much attention引起很大关注
  65. resource allocation资源配置
  66. perfect the construction of urban infrastructure完善城市基础设施建设
  67. reduce the number of vehicles减少车辆
  68. implement strict vehicle emission standards制定严格的汽车排放标准
  69. reduce waste减少浪费
  70. eliminate poverty and backwardness消除贫穷与落后
  71. prevent and control pollution预防和控制污染
  72. reinforce the conservation of water and soil加强水土保护
  73. keep ecological balance维护生态平衡
  74. adopt environmental protection technique采取环保技术
  75. create a healthy cultural environment创造出一种更加健康的文化氛围
  76. strengthen the regulation and monitoring加强监督和管理
  77. enhance the governmental intrusion加大政府干预性措施
  78. promote legislative regulations促进立法管理
  79. establish and perfect the social security system建立和完善社会的安全体系
  80. give special care to给某人或某物特别的关照
  81. Map out (work out) a blueprint of …制定出…的发展蓝图
  82. impose some restrictions on对…实施限制
  83. Increase the inputs in …加大对…的投入
  84. arouse people’s awareness of唤醒人们的…意识
  85. take some preventive (remedial) measures采取一些预防(补救)措施
  86. enforce on-the-spot penalties采取立即惩罚性措施
  87. play the role of media充分的发挥媒体的作用
  88. take proper guidance and support采取恰当的引导和支持
  89. impose heavier penalty on对…实施严格的惩罚
  90. set down effective laws制定积极有效的法律
  91. urban planning 城市规划
  92. Result in shortage of energy and natural resources导致了能源和自然资源的短缺
  93. Break the ecological balance破坏了生态的平衡
  94. Be harmful to our physicaland mental health对我们的身心健康有害
  95. Contaminate the environment污染环境
  96. promote the sustainable development of the city促进城市的可持续性发展
  97. Greenhouse effect温室效应
  98. strengthen pollution control加强污染控制
  99. popularize environmental protection knowledge普及环保知识
  100. Burning迫在眉睫的

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